A History to Be known


     Pastena is a town of the province of Frosinone, to 318 m. above sea level, to half road among the streets Appia and Casilina, on a hill astride two fertile alluvial valleys. The Caves, one of the complex more important and suggestive speleologicis of our peninsula, are found here, in a territory surrounded from hills and from woody mountains, to the extreme limit of the Ausonis toward the Auruncis. The suburb has very remote origins. His/her constitution in castle or strengthened village, from documents it results happened in the XI century but more recent searches (ved.D.Grossi, Pastena of Ciociaria), they do him/it probably go up again around halves the year 800, or rather to the epoch of the appropriation of the Saracens near the Garigliano. One surrounded of 650 meters boundaries, almost entirely preserved, with his/her round and square towers (they have remained 25 15 of it native) damage testimony still long live of the ancient origins of this "castellum quod appellatur Pastina", always according to the documents. Already from his/her nome,deverbale of "pastinare" (to cultivate), he/she is inferred that Pastena has been for a long time a village of agriculturists. During his/her esistenza,tuttavia,he taken part of necessitÓ,anche if not always of first floor to the dramatic stories that marked these zones between the Tyrrhenian sea and the Green river especially in the first millennium (Lid), among the powerful persons kingdoms followed him, of Norman, Sevi, Angiomi, Aragonese and Borboni and the not less influential dominion of the State of the Church in Rome. Pastena, in fact, had the fate to be territory of frontier among "the Kingdom, of the two Sicilies" of which did part and the pontifical dominion of the various epoches of temporal power. It is certainly thimble position it heard again during the centuries up to the last world conflict, in which was found to be rear of the front of Cancels where the notes tormented stories in the winter 1943-44 they were developed, for which also this small center suffered bombardments destructive and other calamities. Don't say then any notable tragedies sofferte,sempre for the same reason to be earth of border, during the terrible malavitoso period of the post-unitary brigandage. Previously actually to 1591, Pastena was pertinence of the Dukedom and County of Funds, as to say some families Caetani, Gonzaga, Column and Of the Aquila. For 1600 big part it becomes feud of the barons Patriarch, one of which it has the sepulchral monument in the church-mother of the country; and toward the 1700 of the marquise Casali Di the Dragon, noble Roman of which doesn't preserve him more concrete memory, which closed the series of the nominal dominions of the country. In some of these phases Pastena suffered the influence of the power of the abbey of Montecassino and the stories that you/they touched to it. In 1799, invisa to the French giacobinis that did foolish of the whole zone, understood ivi the abbey of Montecassino, also Pastena came from these attacked and burnt. Then it returned to be under the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. Since then, also for the influence of Among Devil - that a sort of viceroy was become in the zone - it felt more and more him tied up to Naples, and not only because facente departs of the province of Earth of Job. So much that sinanche in the Bonapartist epoch and murattiana of the first ones of the 800 Pastena came more and more consolidating himself/herself/itself as a country of clear die borbonico and to his/her clerical way. There is how much enough for an indefinite certain historical layout not on which to found a some appreciation for this that a small was defined and set apart village. From some years the population of this center has left the old suburb and is returned for the most greater part to the ancient installations scattered in the regions of country, now modernized and comforting, beyond the historians boundaries. Nevertheless it in the suburb returns to every day of party and in the important traditional recurrences whose rites preserve unusual suggestions and meanings. These recurrences fall for the more in May and they almost entirely develop him on the principal plaza, near the Collegiate church whose native architectural nucleus surely goes up again to preceding epoch thousand, and whose manifold remaking, posterio ri, if it were for the documents that prove him/it, they do as soon as to appear on the surface to the common observation the ancient inside structures. These were preserved in their integrity, up to the first halves our seco him. Today a lot of of those vestigias have gone completely lost. Another church that still preserves the imprint of the noblest spent epoches is that of Saint Maria of the Park, risalente to preceding years 1500, but whose particularity consists in the valuable fašade of local stone, you waited for in more recent epoch, around the second halves the XVII century. And' a work of illustrious teachers deriving scalpellini perhaps from the Casertano, but it is magistrally also drawn with calls berniniani and of the best Baroque. This to demonstration of a past not so much humble, as for so much time you/he/she is wanted to make to believe. For more Pastena in this century you/he/she has undertaken a new walk, of which first footsteps are seen still: you/he/she has discovered his/her most authentic boast: that superb, grandiose natural casket that Caves. To not only consider for the tourist importance that the complex goes assuming more and more for the country and for the whole region, but above all as protagonists of first floor, what they have always been in the history of the country, for their specification and irreplaceable function of behavior of unloading of the espluvis coming from the two principal valleys, in which the whole agricultural economy pastenese assembles him. 

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